chasten

Definitions:

To afflict or punish, in order to correct and purify, or make chaste; to purify.
- Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914. (verb) (v.) (verb)
To correct; to punish for the purpose of reclaiming an offender; to afflict in any way; to purify.
- Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874. (verb) (v.) (verb)
To punish; correct.
- The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894. (verb) (v. t.) (verb transitive)
To chastise.
- The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894. (verb) (v. t.) (verb transitive)
To punish in order to make better; subdue.
- The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919. (verb) (v. t.) (verb transitive)
To free from faults by punishing: hence, to punish: to correct.
- The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899. (verb) (v. t.) (verb transitive)

Usage examples:

To chasten us, to better, purge our sins?
- Domesday Book by Edgar Lee Masters
Let us pray for moderate appetites, moderate passions, moderate honours, moderate gains, moderate joys; and, if sorrows be needed to chasten us, moderate sorrows.
- The Water of Life and Other Sermons by Charles Kingsley
Greater experience, and a more cultivated state of society, abate the warmth of imagination, and chasten the manner of expression.
- The Grammar of English Grammars by Goold Brown