A kind of lively song, sung in couplets, with a refrain; a theatrical piece intermingled with light or satirical songs.
- Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874. (noun) (n.) (noun)
A lively or satirical song: a short dramatic piece interspersed with such.
- The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899. (noun) (n.) (noun)
In French poetry, a species of light song, generally of a comic or satirical nature; a dramatic piece, whose dialogue is intermingled with light or comic songs.
- Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914. (noun) (n.) (noun)

Usage examples:

If I could produce those voices I would go on the vaudeville stage to- morrow.
- The Shadow World by Hamlin Garland
The wheel team, in the meantime, was doing what Packard later described as " a vaudeville turn of its own."
- Roosevelt in the Bad Lands by Hermann Hagedorn
She has not appeared in opera for some time, for during the season of 1899- 1900 she followed the general inclination and went into vaudeville
- Famous Prima Donnas by Lewis Clinton Strang